NEW DELHI: In a big step towards a central database of migrants, the ministry of tribal affairs is preparing to launch the ‘National Tribal Migration Support Portal’ and a mobile application to capture and upload migration data right down to the village level, an exercise that has gathered steam after the pandemic put the spotlight on an “invisible” population.
The data collection exercise is expected to begin soon with Goa set to put up its migration cell later this month and
to begin its data collection process in February. With no central database for migrants, a
has been developed and integrated with the portal and mobile application by the ministry. Tribal Research Institute (TRI), Odisha, along with civil society organisations, is developing standard operating procedures to gather data across India.
A senior official said the ministry has written to all TRIs in 26 states to take up data collection. Besides Goa, Odisha, Gujarat,
and Sikkim have agreed to start work on data collection. MoTA will analyse the data to address the concerns of tribal migrants through policy and schemes, an official explained. A questionnaire with data collection guidelines will be provided to enumerators in any state that decides to take up the process. The indicators range from basic socio-economic profile of migrating tribals, skill-mapping, migration patterns, work profile, daily income to access to basic services like health, education and food during migration.
Goa receives an estimated 4 lakh migrants annually from states like Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, UP and
In a multi-department exercise, Goa will train grassroot workers linked to public outreach schemes like NREGA and
National Urban Livelihood Mission
to collect data. The data will be uploaded on a portal that will be centrally available to ministries and states for analysis and policy-planning.